DEFINITION of Prima Facie
At first glance, this is a legal claim that has enough evidence to proceed to a trial or judgment. In Latin, prima facie means “at first sight” or “at first sight”.
FAILURE Prima Facie
In civil litigation, a plaintiff takes legal action alleging that the actions (or inactions) of a defendant have caused injury. For example, a business may file a claim that one of its suppliers has breached the contract after failing to deliver an order and that the failure to deliver resulted in the loss of customers by the business. The complaint filed with the court provides general information about the reason for the prosecution, the nature of the harm and how the defendant may have contributed to the harm. Before going to trial, the court must determine whether the case has enough merit to be tried by the court. During an initial examination of the application during a pre-trial hearing, a judge may determine that there is sufficient evidence to support a case. The case is therefore considered at first sight.
Even if a prima facie case is allowed to be tried, the claimant is not guaranteed to win the trial. Civil proceedings impose the burden of proof on the claimant, and it is only if the claimant is able to provide a preponderance of evidence that the court will consider the claim to be valid. If the plaintiff does not have sufficient evidence to support his claim that the defendant caused harm, the court will likely try the plaintiff and dismiss the case. In some cases, the court need only consider whether a case is prima facie or not, the prima facie case being sufficient to not require the defendant to present evidence.
In some cases, the evidence presented in a claim is sufficient to allow a summary judgment. In a prima facie case, the facts established are sufficient to prove that the actions of the defendant substantiate the plaintiff’s allegations of injury. In employment discrimination prosecutions, the courts have established tests and guidelines that judges use to determine whether a summary judgment can be made. If the plaintiff is able to establish a prima facie case, the burden of proof rests with the defendant, who must prove that an employee was dismissed for reasons other than discrimination.
Addressing Prima Facie before the Supreme Court
The question prima facie was considered by the United States Supreme Court, for example, in the 1992 case St. Mary’s Honor Center c. Hicks. In this case, an employee of a halfway house alleged that he had been dismissed because of his race, in violation of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. When he was tried by a district court, the employee established a prima facie case of discrimination, but was found guilty of failing to provide sufficient evidence to prove that the employer was using race as a factor when he decided to dismiss the claimant. The case was brought to the United States Court of Appeal and then to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court concluded that even if the employee had established a prima facie case, it did not entitle him to a mandatory victory.