# Payout

## What is a payment?

Payment refers to the expected financial return or the cash disbursement of an investment or annuity. It can be expressed on a global or periodic basis either as a percentage of the cost of the investment or in real dollars. Payment can also refer to the period during which an investment or project should recover its initial capital investment and become unprofitable. It is the abbreviation for “payment term”, “payment term” or “payment period”.

## Understanding the payment

In terms of financial securities, such as annuities and dividends, payments refer to the amounts received at given times. For example, in the case of an annuity, payments are made to the annuitant at regular intervals such as monthly or quarterly.

### Key points to remember

• Payment refers to the expected financial return or distribution of an investment or annuity.
• In terms of financial securities, payments are the amounts received at certain periods, such as monthly for annuity payments.
• Payment can also refer to the capital budgeting tool used to determine the time it takes for a project to self-finance.
• Companies can distribute profits to investors through the issuance of dividends and share buybacks.
• The distribution rate is the rate of income paid to investors in the form of distributions.

## Distribution ratio as a measure of distribution

Companies can distribute their profits to investors in two main ways: dividends and share buybacks. Dividends are paid by companies to their investors and can take the form of cash dividends or stock dividends. The distribution rate is the percentage of income that the company pays to investors in the form of distributions. Some payout ratios include both dividends and share buybacks, while others only include dividends.

For example, a distribution rate of 20% means that the company pays 20% of the company’s distributions. If company A has a net profit of \$ 10 million, it pays shareholders \$ 2 million. Growing companies and newly formed companies tend to have low payout rates. Investors in these companies rely more on share price appreciation for returns than on dividends and share buybacks.

The payout ratio is calculated using the following formula: total dividends / net profit. The payout ratio can also include share buybacks, in which case the formula is as follows: (total dividends + share buybacks) / net income. The cash amount paid to dividends can be found in the cash flow table in the section titled Cash flows from financing. Dividends and share buybacks both represent cash outflows and are classified as outflows in the cash flow table.

## Payment and payment period as a tool for budgeting fixed assets

The payment may also refer to the capital budgeting tool used to determine the number of years it takes for a project to pay off. Projects that take longer are considered less desirable than projects with a shorter period. The payment, or recovery period, is calculated by dividing the initial investment by the cash receipts by period. If Company A spends \$ 1 million on a project that saves \$ 500,000 a year over the next five years, the payment period is calculated by dividing \$ 1 million by \$ 500,000. The answer is two, which means that the project will pay for itself in two years.