What are the reimbursable fees?
Personal expenses refer to the costs that individuals pay out of their own cash reserves. This expression is most often used to describe the professional and professional expenses of an employee which are then reimbursed by the company. It also describes the policyholder’s share of health insurance costs, including money spent on deductibles, co-payments and co-insurance.
Key points to remember
- A disbursement is a payment that you make with your own money even if you are reimbursed later.
- Personal expenses related to business and work are generally reimbursed by the employer, but the process to be followed varies.
- In terms of health insurance, out-of-pocket expenses represent your share of the health costs covered, including the money you pay for deductibles, co-payments and coinsurance.
- Health insurance plans have a maximum out-of-pocket that limits the amount you pay each year for covered health expenses.
Understanding personal expenses
Employees often spend their own money on business-related expenses. These out-of-pocket expenses are generally reimbursed by the employer, according to a specific process approved by the company. Common examples of personal work-related expenses include airfare, car rental, taxis / ubers, gas, tolls, parking, accommodation and meals, and supplies and tools related to work.
Maximum reimbursable health insurance
In the health insurance sector, out-of-pocket expenses refer to the part of the invoice which the insurance company does not cover and which the person has to pay for himself. Reimbursable health costs include deductibles, co-payments and coinsurance.
Health insurance plans have maximum disbursements. These are caps on the amount of money a policyholder can spend each year to cover health expenses. The Affordable Care Act requires that all group and individual plans without vested rights comply with the guidelines updated annually for reimbursable maximums. For 2020, out-of-pocket expenses are $ 8,200 for individual coverage and $ 16,400 for family coverage. While plans cannot have refundable maximums above these limits, many offer lower maximums.
What is the difference between deductibles and maximum payouts?
With health insurance, the deductible is the amount you pay each year to cover the costs before the insurance starts. Once the deductible is filled, the policyholder “shares” the costs with the insurance plan through what is known as co-insurance. With an 80/20 plan, for example, the policyholder pays 20% of the costs, while the plan takes the remaining 80%.
The amount you pay for coinsurance, along with your co-payments and deductible, all count towards the maximum to be paid for the year. Once you reach your maximum, the plan pays 100% of the costs covered for the rest of the year.
Example of personal expenses
Here is an example of personal work-related expenses. Suppose an employee meets a potential customer. The employee spends $ 250 on plane tickets, $ 50 on Uber journeys, $ 100 for a hotel and $ 100 for meals, all debited from his own credit card. After the trip, the employee submits an expense report of $ 500 for his personal expenses for the trip. The employer then issues a refund check of $ 500 to the employee.
Other types of personal expenses
In the real estate sector, out-of-pocket expenses refer to all expenses beyond the mortgage itself that the buyer incurs through the sales process. These costs vary depending on the area’s land and real estate laws, but they usually include the cost of a home inspection, appraisal fees, and deposits into an escrow account. They also include closing costs, which may include loan origination costs, legal fees, and property taxes.
Reimbursable fees and tax returns
Some personal expenses may come from your personal income tax. For example, income tax deductions are still available for expenses related to charitable donations and unreimbursed medical expenses. Since the adoption of the law on tax reduction and employment, individuals can no longer deduct unreimbursed business expenses. While tax deductions do not represent a direct refund, there is an added benefit because claiming these expenses as a deduction can reduce your tax burden for the year.