Official Strike

1040A Form

DEFINITION of the official strike

An official strike is a work stoppage by union members that is approved by the union and that follows the legal requirements for the strike, as is voted on by the majority of union members. Workers engaged in official strikes have better protection against dismissals. A formal strike is generally undertaken by employees as a last resort in response to grievances. An official strike can also be called an official industrial action, a strike or a strike.


In the United States, a famous official strike was the 1994 strike of Major League Baseball, which canceled the end of the regular season and the entire playoffs. Some of the replacement players who played during training in the spring of 1995, while the strike was not yet over, remained in the major leagues, but were not allowed to join the union. One reason why this is important is that union players receive a certain percentage of the Major League Baseball revenues, as the MLB licenses players’ names and images for items such as jerseys and playing cards. baseball. Non-union members do not benefit from this advantage.

How strikes are undertaken

Strikes are taking place as part of the collective bargaining process that takes place between unions and employers to determine wages, benefits, working conditions and, in the case of public servants, the legislation governing these services. As a general rule, union members will vote to go on strike when other bargaining tactics have failed. When workers decide to go on strike without union approval, it is called a wildcat strike. A wildcat strike can be launched when a union refuses to support a strike or because the workers on strike do not have a union; such a strike may not offer workers the same protections as an official strike undertaken with the official authorization of the union.

Typically, strikers refuse to go to work and may instead form a picket line outside the workplace to interfere with normal employer activities or to prevent scabs from crossing the picket line to get to work. Sometimes workers go on strike while occupying the workplace, but refuse to complete their normal duties and also refuse to leave the premises; such a strike is known as an occupation strike. When employees are public servants, picketing can take place, not at the workplace, but where legislators meet, such as during the 2020 West Virginia public school teachers’ strike.

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