What is a notice of termination?
A notice of termination is what an employer uses to notify an employee of the end of their employment contract. More broadly, it may also involve formal notification of the end of a contract between two or more parties. Although notice of termination is generally provided to an employee for reasons unrelated to job performance – for example, because of commercial conditions requiring layoffs or downsizing – it can also be given to an employee for poor performance or misconduct.
In some cases, however, employers are required to give workers advance notice of mass layoffs or plant closings, especially if they are members of a union.
Another term for the termination notice is “pink slip” or “termination letter”.
If your job is terminated but you have a union contract, your employer is legally bound to give you notice of termination; otherwise, there is no law requiring sole proprietorships to provide their workers “at will” with notice of termination.
How a notice of termination works
In the United States, employers are not required to give notice to a worker prior to termination in accordance with the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). All American workers are considered “at will”, which means that an employer can fire employees for any reason, without establishing a valid reason, as long as the reason is not illegal (such as gender, religious or racial discrimination). The reasoning is that an employee also has the right to leave a job for any reason at any time.
Key points to remember
- Employers who hire workers “at will” are not legally required to give notice to an employee who is laid off.
- Giving employees notice of layoffs helps a company maintain a positive image, especially if it provides reasons for termination.
- There is a law in force, the WARN law, which requires employers (who have 100 or more workers) who are planning mass layoffs or who plan to close a factory or plant, to give their employees 60 days notice.
In the United States, the only legally required notifications to be included in a termination notice are the Consolidated Omnibus Benefits Reconciliation Act (COBRA) and the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (WARN). There is no need to state a reason for termination, although it is generally best practice if an employee is terminated for just cause.
How a notice of termination works in other countries
In some countries, a person who has been employed for a certain period of time must receive a notice of termination. For example, in Canada, workers who have worked in a business for at least three months without interruption must receive written notice of termination from their employer, as well as severance pay or a combination of both.
The length of notice depends on the length of service. A notice of dismissal is not, however, due to an employee guilty of disobedience, willful misconduct or neglect of his duties.
When a party to a contract wishes to inform another party (or parties) of its intention to end their relationship, as well as disclose an expiration date of the contract, it will send a notice of termination. Simply put, this is an official statement to another party that you plan to terminate a contract. It acts as a public record of such action and can help resolve disputes if they arise later.
Such a notice will contain the conditions allowing the termination of an agreement. A notice of termination (also known as a “notice of contract cancellation” or “letter of contract termination”) serves as a courtesy to other parties and can help to maintain relationships.