What are the limits of the business sector
Business line limits are a federal income tax rule applied to the benefits that employers offer their employees. It indicates that if an enterprise carries out several activities and an employee receives a marginal advantage from a branch of the enterprise in which he does not work, he must pay taxes on this advantage.
BREAKDOWN OF BUSINESS LINE LIMITS
For example, if a person works for a movie theater and their business also has an amusement park, if they receive free or reduced-price admission to the amusement park, they will be required to pay value taxes of the free ticket or reduction because the Internal Revenue Service – IRS would consider this benefit as income. However, if she saw a movie for free at the theater where she worked, she would generally not have to pay tax on the amount of the free movie ticket as it would not be subject to line of business limitations.
Products or services sold mainly to employees rather than to the general public are not considered as discounts granted to employees and therefore do not fall under the line of business limitation rules.
An employer’s industry is defined in the Enterprise Standard Industrial Classification (ESIC) manual, published by the United States Office of Management and Budget. An employer is considered to have several business sectors if he offers products or services for sale to customers in more than a two-digit ESIC classification.
Exemptions from limitations related to industries
In some circumstances, the lines of business can be combined into one to determine eligibility for benefits within the limits of the line of business. Aggregation is required when it is unusual in the employer’s industry for one industry to operate separately from the others. It is also required when a significant number of employees provide substantial services for more than one sector of an enterprise, which makes it difficult to assign employees to specific sectors of activity. In these cases, an employee will not pay tax for benefits provided by his employer.
Reciprocal agreements between two employers operating in the same sector of activity also exempt employees who receive non-taxable benefits from the other employer from the rules for limiting the sector of activity. To be eligible, these must be reciprocal written agreements and must not entail any substantial additional cost for either employer. The reciprocal agreement rule only applies to benefits provided at no additional cost, but does not cover discounts granted to qualified employees.
For example, if a person works for a movie theater and their company also owns an amusement park, if they received free or reduced-price admission to the amusement park, they would be required to pay taxes on the value of the free ticket or discount because the IRS would consider this benefit as income. However, if she saw a movie for free at the theater where she worked, she would generally not have to pay tax on the amount of the free movie ticket as it would not be subject to line of business limitations.