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Deductibles are tax deductible expenses subtracted from adjusted gross income. Deductibles reduce taxable income and, therefore, tax debt. A deductible is also the amount paid out of pocket for expenses covered before an insurance company pays the remaining fees.




The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) considers several expenses to be tax deductible (also known as exempt income). The IRS divides tax deductible expenses or deductions into two broad categories, those for individuals and those for businesses. Both types reduce taxable income.

detail of standard deduction

Established by the IRS and revised annually, the standard deduction is subject to change. As of 2020, the standard deduction for single taxpayers and married persons producing separately is $ 6,500. For married persons filing jointly, the deduction is $ 13,000. And for heads of household, the deduction is $ 9,550. The deduction is subtracted directly from the adjusted gross income. For example, if a single taxpayer reports taxable income of $ 40,000, they can deduct $ 6,500 to reduce their tax burden to $ 33,500.

Reporters can choose to itemize their deductions if this provides a more substantial tax benefit. Taxpayers summarize and report eligible expenses on a tax return to reduce their taxable income. Examples of itemized deductions include, but are not limited to, charitable contributions, mortgage interest and reimbursable medical and dental expenses not reimbursed and certain investment expenses. Brokerage account fees, such as commissions and trading fees are not deductible.

Business deductions

Corporate deductions work slightly differently from individual deductions. Just like an individual, a business or a self-employed person must indicate all income. They can then deduct eligible expenses to arrive at taxable income. The deductions allowed vary depending on the structure of the business. Limited liability companies (LLCs) and companies will have differences in the type and amount of deductions available to them.

Ordinary deductible business expenses include operating expenses such as payroll, utilities, rent, leases and other operating costs. Additional deductions include capital expenditures, such as the purchase of equipment or real estate.

As with all income tax items, the structure of authorized deductions changes frequently. What is allowed in one taxation year may not be deductible in the next.

Insurance deductibles

Insurance deductibles are common to property, casualty and health insurance products. Deductibles can be per occurrence or accumulate as an annual amount. Consider a health insurance claim in which an insured person recently spent $ 2,000 in covered medical expenses and has an annual deductible of $ 300. The policyholder will pay $ 300 and the insurer will pay the remaining $ 1,700. Once the annual deductible amount has been reached, the insurer covers all of the costs for the rest of the year. Exceptions, such as user fees and coinsurance, may apply.

In the UK, Australia and some other parts of the world, an insurance deductible is called excess; however, the function is the same.

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