What is an exclusion?
An exclusion is the partial divestment of a business unit in which a parent company sells the minority interest in a child company to outside investors.
A company that performs an exclusion does not sell a business unit outright, but rather sells a stake in the capital of that business or runs the business by itself while retaining a stake. An exclusion allows a company to capitalize on a segment of activity that may not be part of its main activities.
Unlike a spin-off, the parent company generally receives cash through an exclusion.
How an exclusion works
In a spin-off, the parent company sells part or all of the shares of its subsidiary to the public as part of an initial public offering (IPO). Since the shares are sold to the public, an exclusion also establishes a new set of shareholders in the subsidiary. An exclusion often precedes the complete demerger of the subsidiary from the shareholders of the parent company. For such a future spin-off to be tax exempt, it must satisfy the 80% control requirement, which means that no more than 20% of the shares of the subsidiary can be offered in an IPO. .
An exclusion effectively separates a subsidiary or business unit from its parent company as a stand-alone business. The new organization has its own board of directors and its financial statements. However, the parent company usually retains a controlling interest in the new company and offers strategic support and resources to help the business succeed.
A company can use an exclusion strategy rather than a total divestment for several reasons, and regulators take this into account when approving or disapproving of such restructuring. Sometimes a business unit is deeply integrated, making it difficult for the business to sell the unit completely while keeping it solvent. Those considering investing in the deletion should consider what might happen if the original company completely broke ties with the deletion and what had motivated the deletion in the first place.
Key points to remember
- Within the framework of an exclusion, the parent company sells part or all of the shares of its subsidiary to the public by means of an initial public offering (IPO), effectively separates a subsidiary or a commercial unit from its parent company as an autonomous society.
- Since the shares are sold to the public, an exclusion also establishes a new set of shareholders in the subsidiary.
- An exclusion allows a company to capitalize on a segment of activity that may not be part of its main activities.
Carve-Outs vs Spin-Offs
As part of an equity exclusion, a business sells shares of a business unit. The ultimate goal of the business may be to fully divest itself of its interests, but it may not be for several years. Excluding equity allows the company to receive cash for the shares it now sells. This type of exclusion can be used if the business does not believe that a single buyer for the entire business is available or if the business wants to maintain some control over the business unit.
Another divestment option is the split. In this strategy, the company sells a business unit by making this unit its own autonomous business. Rather than publicly selling shares of the business unit, current investors receive shares of the new company. The division is now an independent company with its own shareholders, although the original parent company can still hold a stake. For example, in 2020, GE completed a two-year separation from Synchrony Financial (NYSE: SYF), the largest US provider of private label credit cards, in a $ 20.4 billion split.