Budget Surplus

Ability-To-Pay Taxation

What is a budget surplus?

A budget surplus is a period when income or revenue exceeds spending or spending. A budget surplus often refers to the financial statements of governments; individuals prefer to use the term “savings” rather than the term “budget surplus”. A surplus indicates that the government is being managed effectively.


Budget surplus

Understanding the budget surplus

A budget surplus can be spent to make a purchase, pay down a debt, or save for the future. A municipal government that has a surplus can use the money to make improvements to a decaying local park, for example.

Key points to remember

  • A budget surplus is when revenues or revenues exceed expenses or expenses.
  • Budget surplus is generally used in reference to government financial statements
  • The term “savings” is used to describe a situation of budget surplus type with an individual.

When spending exceeds income, it results in a budget deficit, which is financed by borrowing funds and paying interest on borrowed money, as an individual spends more than he earns and carries a balance on a credit card. A balanced budget exists when spending equals revenue.

The Clinton administration eliminated a large budget deficit, resulting in a surplus. A surplus is a positive value and is the sum by which government revenue exceeds government expenditure over a given period, usually a fiscal year. For example, June 2020 was a recent US government budget surplus. Revenues for the year totaled $ 330 billion, while expenses for the year totaled $ 323 billion. This resulted in a budget surplus of approximately $ 6 billion.


Economic changes and spending generate a surplus. A budget surplus is an indicator of a healthy economy. However, there is no need for a government to maintain a surplus. For example, not having a budget surplus does not mean that the economy is not being managed efficiently.

A surplus implies that the government has additional funds; these funds can be used to pay debts, which reduces the interest payable and helps the economy in the future. For example, a budget surplus can reduce taxes, launch new programs and finance existing public programs, such as social security or health insurance.

In addition, a surplus can reduce public debt, finance the military, infrastructure, energy and public works, pay wages, implement policy, or be saved to spend in the future in the event of a deficit. A budget surplus occurs after a reduction in costs and expenses or both. Higher taxes can also lead to a surplus. A surplus lowers consumer demand, lowers consumer prices and slows the economy.


When determining the best ways to use a budget surplus, it is essential to classify potential uses, project possible outcomes, project implementation costs and make decisions, which improves overall financial health economy.

The US Treasury publishes budget information. Budget surplus data appear in monthly statements, which summarize whether the government is spending or collecting more money than expected. The data that appears in the monthly statements indicates the transactions that took place during the month. In addition, the data records future collections or changes to the budget.

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