Form 1040 is the standard Internal Revenue Service (IRS) form that individual taxpayers use to file their annual tax returns. The form contains sections that require taxpayers to disclose their taxable income for the year to determine if additional taxes are due or if the taxfiler will receive a tax refund.TheThe
Key points to remember
- The lines most commonly used on 1040 forms from previous years remain on the new version.
- Electronic registrants may not notice any changes as their software will automatically use their responses to complete the new 1040 and the necessary schedules.
- Many individual taxpayers, however, only need to file a 1040 and no schedules.
What is Form 1040?
Form 1040 must be filed with the IRS before April 15 in most years.TheAnyone who earns income above a certain threshold must file an income tax return with the IRS (companies have different forms for declaring their profits). Another big change: from the filing in April 2019 of taxes for the 2020 taxation year, the forms 1040-A and 1040-EZ – simplified forms used in recent years – have been deleted.TheThe
The 1040 has changed for the last taxation year after the law was passed on tax cuts and jobs and the IRS considered, according to the agency, “ways to improve the filing experience from 1040 “. The new, shorter 1040 is billed as making it easier to communicate future changes to tax law and reducing the number of 1040 taxpayers to choose from.TheThe
The lines most commonly used on the 1040s from previous years remain on the new form. The other lines are now on new timetables (see below) and are organized by categories. Electronic tax filers may not notice any changes, as their tax preparation software will automatically use their answers to tax questions to fill out the new 1040 and the required schedules.TheThe
As of April 2019, the 1040-A and 1040-EZ forms have been eliminated.
Information required for 1040
Form 1040 prompts reporters to provide information on their reporting status, such as identifying information such as name, address, and social security number (some spouse information may also be required), and the Number of dependents. The form also asks if the taxpayer wants $ 3 to be paid into presidential campaign funds.TheThe
The 1040 Income section asks the declarant to report wages, salaries, taxable interest, capital gains, pensions, social security benefits and other types of income. It also allows declarants to claim the new higher standard deduction. TheFor 2019, these deductions are as follows: single or married, filed separately, $ 12,200; married jointly filing or an eligible widow, $ 24,400; and head of household, $ 18,350.TheThe
(New tax legislation has removed many deductions, including for employee reimbursed expenses, tax preparation fees, and moving to employment (except for active duty members.)TheTheTheThe
The new 1040 uses what the IRS calls a “basic” approach and allows taxpayers to add only the schedules they need to their tax returns. Some people may now need to file one or more of the six additional new schedules with their 1040s in addition to long-standing schedules for items such as business income or loss, depending on whether they are claiming credit. tax or owe additional taxes.TheMany individual taxpayers, however, only need to file a 1040 and no schedules.
TheFor example, taxpayers who receive dividends totaling more than $ 1,500 must file Schedule B, which is the section for declaring taxable interest and ordinary dividends.TheLikewise, those who want to claim itemized deductions on their 1040 must complete Schedule A.TheThe IRS also has several worksheets to help taxpayers calculate the value of certain credits or deductions.
Other types of forms 1040
In some situations, taxpayers may have to file a different variant of Form 1040 instead of the standard version. Here are the options.
A variety of non-resident foreigners or their representatives must file this form:
- Those who do business or trade in the United States,
- Representatives of a deceased person who should have deposited a 1040-NR,
- Those representing an estate or trust who had to file a 1040-NR.TheThe
This is a simplified version of the above form. Non-resident foreigners can use this form if they are not claiming dependents and their only income from American sources is wages, salaries, tips, national and local income tax refunds, or scholarships or bursaries.TheThe
This form is used to calculate and pay the estimated quarterly taxes. The estimated tax applies to income which is not subject to withholding tax, which includes income from self-employment, interest, dividends, rents. This may also include unemployment compensation and the taxable part of social security benefits.TheThe
This is a declaration accompanying the payment of a taxpayer for any balance on the “Amount you owe” line of 1040 or 1040-NR.TheThe
If a registrant makes a mistake or forgets to include information on a 1040 form, the 1040X form is used to make changes to the previously filed 1040s.TheThe
The IRS released a draft of a new Form 1040 for seniors in July 2019, designed for the 2019 taxation year. Changes include a larger font, no shading (shaded sections may be difficult to read) and a standard deduction table that includes the additional standard deduction for seniors. Seniors who file their taxes online won’t notice the difference, but those who do it on paper should benefit.TheThe
The Bottom Line
Even taxpayers who use a paid preparer should familiarize themselves with the new 1040, the basic form used to file federal taxes. The new 1040 is easier to fill than its direct predecessor, and some taxpayers will certainly benefit from the ease of use of the “building block” approach for additional annexes. It is best for taxpayers with questions to work with a tax preparer or an expert.